Thursday, March 15, 2007

Food Vocabulary - Cereals, Beans, Nuts, and other seeds

In some developing nations, cereal grains constitute practically the entire diet of common folk. A large number of nuts and other seeds are also edible by humans and used in cooking, eaten raw, sprouted, or roasted as a snack food, or pressed for oil that is used in cookery. Let's learn some of the Spanish words for them.

As always, if you'd like to add another word, or would like to add the translations used in your country, let me know.

CEREALS (Cereales)

  • AVENA, OAT (Avena sativa) = Avena
  • BARLEY (Hordeum vulgare) = Cebada
  • BUCKWHEAT (Fagopyrum esculentum) = Alforfón o trigo sarraceno
  • QUINOA (Chenopodium quinoa) = Quinua, Quínoa
  • RYE (Secale cereale) = Centeno
  • MAIZE, CORN (Zea mays) = Maíz
  • MILLET = Mijo
  • RICE (Oryza) = Arroz
  • SORGHUM (Sorghum) = Sorgo
  • WHEAT (Triticum) = Trigo
BEANS or GRAIN LEGUMES (Leguminosas en grano)
  • BROAD BEAN (Vicia faba) = Habas (All Spanish-Speaking Countries)
  • COMMON BEAN (Phaseolus vulgaris) = Frijol (Mexico, Guatemala), Fríjol (Colombia), Poroto (Argentina, Uruguay and Chile), Habichuela, Judía & Alubia (Spain), Fréjol (Ecuador), Frejol (Peru), Caraota (Venezuela)
  • CHICK PEA (Cicer arietinum) = Garbanzo
  • COWPEA = Caupí o chícharo salvaje
  • LENTIL (Lens culinaris) = Lenteja
  • PEA (Pisum sativum) = Guisante (Spain), Arveja (Argentina, Uruguay, Chile, Guatemala), Chícharos (Mexico), Petit-Pois
  • SOY BEAN (Glycine max) = Soja o Soya

NUTS (Nueces)
  • ALMOND (Prunus dulcis) = Almendra
  • BRAZIL NUT (Bertholletia excelsa) = Nuez de Brasil o Castaña de monte
  • CASHEW (Anacardium occidentale) = Semilla de Marañon (Central America), Castañas de cajú (South America), Anacardo (Spain)
  • CHESNUT (Castanea) = Castaña, Castanea
  • COCONUT (Cocos nucifera) = Coco
  • HAZELNUT, FILBERT (Corylus avellana) = Avellana
  • MACADAMIA (Macadamia) = Macadamia
  • PEANUT / GROUNDNUT (Arachis hypogaea) = Maní (Central and South America), Cacahuete (Spain), Cacahuate (Mexico), Manía
  • PECAN (Carya illinoinensis) = Pecana o Pecán
  • PINE NUT (Pinus) = Piñón
  • PISTACHIO (Pistacia vera) = Pistacho
  • WALNUT (Juglans) = Nuez común

OTHER SEEDS
  • CACAO (Theobroma cacao) = Cacao
  • CELERY SEED (Apium graveolens) = (Semillas de) Apio
  • COFFEE (Coffea) = Café
  • POPCORN (Zea mays) = Palomitas de Maíz (México), Poporopo (Guatemala), Maíz pisingallo / Pochoclo / Pororó (Argentina), crispeta, maíz pira, rosetas de maíz, canguil, cotufa, canchita, tutuca
  • PUMPKIN SEED (Cucurbita) = Semillas de Calabaza


For more food-related vocabulary, check these other posts:
Vegetables | Fruits | Dairy Products | Seasonings | Meat (Coming soon!)

Updated Article. March 20th. 2007
This list was prepared by the members of the Spanish-English interchange group. There are people from Latin America, Spain, the US and the UK. Thanks guys!

2 comments:

Anonymous said...

Indicating whether these words are masculine or feminine would make this article somewhat more useful

Edgar said...

In Mexico, "Cashew" is called "nuez de la India"